"Великая Отечественная война" (на английском языке)
Автор: Артемьева Елена Витальевна Должность: преподаватель
Учебное заведение: Пожарно-Спасательный колледж "Санкт-Петербургский центр подготовки спасателей"
Населённый пункт: Санкт-Петербург
Наименование материала: презентация
Тема: "Великая Отечественная война" (на английском языке)
Дата публикации: 28.03.2016
Great Patriotic War
German invasion into the territory of the
The initial period of the war (22 June 1941
- 18 November 1942)
Great Patriotic War reasons
Hitler's desire for world domination of the
German nation (the idea of Pan-German)
Need for conquest by Nazi Germany of natural
resources of the USSR, it needs to continue
the war against Britain and the U.S.A.
Fatal ideological contradictions between the
capitalist and socialist systems
At dawn on June 22, 1941 aerial bombardment
and the onset of the German Army launched a
plan "Barbarossa" . It was designed for Blitzkrieg
( Blitzkrieg ) and involves the joint action of
three army groups (GA ) : "North " was aimed at
Leningrad, "the Centre" - to Moscow , "South" -
to Ukraine. By September, the enemy had to go
on line Arkhangelsk- Astrakhan. Plan
"Barbarossa" was part of a global plan "Ost" ,
provides for the phased establishment on the
territory of the former USSR "new order" , ie
enslavement and partial destruction of the
Soviet population .
Causes of Red Army's defeat at the beginning of the
military and economic potential of Germany, to use the resources of
almost all Western Europe, greatly exceeded the capacity of industry in
Hitler's army had two years' experience of modern warfare, while the
professional level of the Soviet troops, particularly commanders, after
the mass repressions in the army, was low;
major flaws of the Soviet leadership: underestimation of mechanized
formations, outdated ideas about methods of warfare;
Stalin's intervention in the command and control, in particular - the
order of the transition to the offensive in the first days of the war, which
cost the Soviet Army and the huge losses led to its disruption;
international situation, in determining the timing of a possible outbreak
of the war that led to the surprise attack of the enemy.
Reasons for failure of blitzkrieg plan:
Mass courage and heroism of Soviet soldiers.
From the first day of the war more than a month defended border defenders of the
June 26 crew accomplished the feat Nikolai Gastello sent his crippled bomber on a
column of tanks.
These and many other manifestations of courage Soviet soldiers dreaded enemy,
deprived of his faith in victory.
Soviet generals acquired combat experience necessary to confront the latest tactics of
Appearance on the battlefield the latest models of Soviet military equipment, vehicles
surpassed the enemy (KV-1 and T-34, Il-2, rocket launcher "Katyusha").
Complex natural and climatic conditions of the western and southwestern regions of
the USSR (the summer heat, dust, autumn slush). Geography (a huge area of the
June 24, 1941 Council was established evacuation.
Outlined the main directions of economic restructuring:
Evacuation from the front line to the east industrial,
property and people.
Daylight factories civil society on the issue of military
equipment. For example, the Leningrad plant them.
Kirov and Kharkov plant for the production of diesel
engines were merged with the Chelyabinsk Tractor
for production of tanks ("Tankograd").
Accelerated construction of new industrial facilities.
Battle of Stalingrad
- the strategic initiative for the time has
passed to the Red Army. As a result of the Battle of Stalingrad
the German Wehrmacht suffered a heavy defeat, causing him
the first time in the war, was forced to leave the huge
territories captured with great difficulty in the summer of
1942. After the Battle of Stalingrad severe crisis for the Red
Army no longer arise.
The main reason for radical change in the Great
was the achievement of the Soviet Union military and
economic superiority over Germany
The final stage of the Great Patriotic War
In January 1944
. Soviet troops launched a new offensive
in which Jan. 27 was finally lifted the siege of Leningrad
In January 1945
, Soviet troops broke through the
German defenses, pass in the last offensive (Vistula-
there was a meeting of Soviet and American
troops on the Elbe.
, two Soviet soldiers (Egorov and Kantariya)
hoisted the red flag over the Reichstag.
May 2, 1945
General Chuikov accepted the surrender of
the German garrison, and on May 9 in Berlin in the
presence of Soviet, British, American and French
representatives of Field Marshal Keitel signed the
unconditional surrender of Germany. On the part of the
Soviet command act signed GK Beetles.
Causes of the Soviet victory in World War II:
Unparalleled courage and heroism of Soviet soldiers.
High potential for mobilization of the Soviet economy.
Feat of the Soviet partisans.
Labor exploit workers in the Soviet rear.
High generalship skills command of the Soviet army.
Military and economic superiority of the Soviet Union over
Was influenced by geographic (a huge area) and climate (cold
Economic and military-technical assistance to allies, carried
out under the Lend-Lease.
Most major battles of World War II:
Arctic Defense ( June 29, 1941 - November 1, 1944)
Battle of Moscow ( September 30, 1941 - April 20, 1942 )
The Siege of Leningrad (September 8, 1941 - January 27, 1944 )
Rzhevskaya battle (January 8, 1942 - March 31, 1943 )
The Battle of Stalingrad (July 17, 1942 - February 2, 1943 )
Battle for the Caucasus ( July 25, 1942 - October 9, 1943 )
The Battle of Kursk (July 5 - August 23, 1943)
Battle for the Right-Bank Ukraine ( December 24, 1943 - April 17, 1944)
Belorussian operation ( June 23 - August 29, 1944 )
Baltic operation (14 September - 24 November 1944)
Budapest operation ( October 29, 1944 - February 13, 1945 )
Vistula- Oder operation (12 January - 3 February 1945)
East Prussian operation (13 January - 25 April 1945)
Battle of Berlin (April 16 - May 8, 1945)
General demographic losses
(including lost civilians) - 26.6
Casualties USSR - 6.8 million
soldiers killed and 4.4 million
taken prisoner or missing.
During the war on Soviet territory was destroyed 1,710 cities
and towns and more than 70 thousand villages , 32
thousand industrial enterprises , destroyed 98 thousand
farms , 1,876 farms.
The State Commission has determined that the material
damage amounted to about 30 percent of the national
wealth of the Soviet Union , and in areas affected by the
occupation - about two-thirds .
In general, the material losses of the Soviet Union are
estimated amount of about $ 2 trillion. 600 billion rubles .
For comparison, the national wealth of England fell by only
0.8 percent , France - 1.5 per cent , while the U.S. material
losses substantially avoided .