"HOW DO YOU TREAT the EARTH? 8 класс"

Автор: Шумская Оксана Александровна
Должность: учитель английского языка
Учебное заведение: МОУ " СОШ № 1" города Валуйки Белгородской области
Населённый пункт: город Валуйки Белгородской области
Наименование материала: презентация
Тема: "HOW DO YOU TREAT the EARTH? 8 класс"
Дата публикации: 30.03.2016







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HOW DO YOU TREAT the

HOW DO YOU TREAT the

EARTH

EARTH

?

?

PRESENTATION

PRESENTATION

FOR THE STUDENTS

FOR THE STUDENTS

OF THE

OF THE

8

8

th FORM

th FORM

The teacher : Shumskaya O.

The teacher : Shumskaya O.





Think globally, Act locally

Think globally, Act locally

!!!

!!!




Prezentacii

What does

What does

“ecology”

“ecology”

mean?

mean?

Ecology

Ecology

is a science about nature

is a science about nature

and about relation of man with it

and about relation of man with it

.

.

Practically, it is a science studying

Practically, it is a science studying

whether we, human being, keep our

whether we, human being, keep our

common house, our planet Earth, in

common house, our planet Earth, in

a good state and how we use the gifts

a good state and how we use the gifts

it is giving us: water, air, land,

it is giving us: water, air, land,

plants, animals and minerals.

plants, animals and minerals.

Ecology is a science which studies

Ecology is a science which studies

the relationship between all forms of

the relationship between all forms of

life on our planet with its

life on our planet with its

environment.

environment.


What are the names of the

What are the names of the

environmental

environmental

problems

problems

of today?

of today?
 Air pollution, smog, water Air pollution, smog, water pollution, destruction of pollution, destruction of natural resources. natural resources.  The ozone layer in the upper atmosphere The ozone layer in the upper atmosphere protects the world from the sun’s harmful protects the world from the sun’s harmful rays. The chemical used widely in aerosol rays. The chemical used widely in aerosol cans, refrigerators, and other products cans, refrigerators, and other products are destroying this precious layer. are destroying this precious layer.  The electric power station burn coal to The electric power station burn coal to produce the energy that keeps our light produce the energy that keeps our light on. That burning coal gives off gas that on. That burning coal gives off gas that came the greenhouse effect ( came the greenhouse effect ( парниковый парниковый эффект) эффект) and acid rains ( and acid rains ( кислотные кислотные дожди). дожди).

The Earth is our environment.

The Earth is our environment.

If we are not worried about the

If we are not worried about the

Earth, some ecological problems

Earth, some ecological problems

appear:

appear:

Air and water are polluted

Air and water are polluted

Forests are cut down

Forests are cut down

Animals are damaged

Animals are damaged

Wildlife is disturbed

Wildlife is disturbed

Litter is put into water

Litter is put into water

Health is spoiled

Health is spoiled

Land, air, water are important for flowers, Land, air, water are important for flowers, trees, animals, birds, fish and people. trees, animals, birds, fish and people.
But what’s happening now?

But what’s happening now?

Air

Water

Land

A lot of rivers

A lot of rivers

and lakes are

and lakes are

polluted

polluted

Sea animals

Sea animals

are hurt

are hurt

Air pollution is

Air pollution is

not reduced

not reduced

Global warming

is caused by the

greenhouse

effect

The forests

The forests

are cut down

are cut down

When the

When the

forests

forests

disappear

disappear

many animals

many animals

are disturbed

are disturbed

Most of the

Most of the

countryside is

countryside is

spoiled

spoiled


WHAT ARE THE RESULTS OF OUR

WHAT ARE THE RESULTS OF OUR

INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT

INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT

?

?

We pollute the air.

We pollute the air.





We change the climate.

We change the climate.

We leave a fire.

We leave a fire.

– We destroyed the forest.

– We destroyed the forest.

We throw away plastic bottles.

We throw away plastic bottles.





We damage

We damage

nature.

nature.

We leave litter in the forests.

We leave litter in the forests.

– We hurt animals.

– We hurt animals.

We break trees.

We break trees.

– We disturb birds.

– We disturb birds.

We don’t recycle paper.

We don’t recycle paper.

– We cut down trees to

– We cut down trees to

make new paper.

make new paper.

We throw litter in the rivers and seas.

We throw litter in the rivers and seas.

– We cause

– We cause

water pollution.

water pollution.

We leave glass bottles in the forest.

We leave glass bottles in the forest.

– We hurt

– We hurt

animals and people.

animals and people.


You can often come across

You can often come across

these international signs:

these international signs:

Keep your country tidy!

Keep your country tidy!

Keep off the grass!

Keep off the grass!

Keep dogs under control!

Keep dogs under control!

Recycle!

Recycle!

Respect the life and work of the countryside!

Respect the life and work of the countryside!

Protect nature!

Protect nature!

Put your litter in the bin!

Put your litter in the bin!


British and American children learn a lot

British and American children learn a lot

about the environment at school.

about the environment at school.

All of them remember the

All of them remember the

three

three

R

R

’s:

’s:

What can or must

What can or must

we

we

r

r

educe?

educe?





(

(

уменьшать)

уменьшать)

r

r

euse?

euse?





(использовать

(использовать













заново)

заново)

r

r

ecycle?

ecycle?





(перерабатывать)

(перерабатывать)

We can reduce using

We can reduce using

electricity.

electricity.

We can reduce using water.

We can reduce using water.

We must recycle cartons.

We must recycle cartons.

We must reuse glass bottles.

We must reuse glass bottles.

We can recycle newspapers.

We can recycle newspapers.

We must recycle paper.

We must recycle paper.

We can recycle plastic

We can recycle plastic

containers.

containers.

All these actions help to reduce

All these actions help to reduce

pollution, deforestation and not

pollution, deforestation and not

to damage the nature.

to damage the nature.

“ “ To hurt the Earth is to hurt yourself “ To hurt the Earth is to hurt yourself “ Do you agree with this statement? Do you agree with this statement? Why? Why not? Give your examples. Why? Why not? Give your examples.
This is teen’s opinion:

This is teen’s opinion:

I agree with this statement “to hurt the Earth is

I agree with this statement “to hurt the Earth is

to hurt yourself” because the Earth is our home.

to hurt yourself” because the Earth is our home.

Everything is connected. When we pollute air and

Everything is connected. When we pollute air and

water we spoil the things we use because we

water we spoil the things we use because we

breath this air and drink this water. If the

breath this air and drink this water. If the

balance in nature is destroyed we will die too.

balance in nature is destroyed we will die too.


22 April - Earth Day

22 April - Earth Day

Do you know this holiday

Do you know this holiday

?

?
There are over 300 nature centres in British There are over 300 nature centres in British cities. There are a lot of environment groups: cities. There are a lot of environment groups: Friends of the Earth, Greenpeace and others. Friends of the Earth, Greenpeace and others.
What are these groups’ concerns

What are these groups’ concerns

?

?

Join us and clean the Earth!

Join us and clean the Earth!

Make the world a better place!

Make the world a better place!

Taking care of the Earth is everybody’s

Taking care of the Earth is everybody’s

business!

business!

Greenpeace Greenpeace 
It is an international

It is an international

environmental organization,

environmental organization,

started in the 1960s in

started in the 1960s in

Canada. It has a policy of

Canada. It has a policy of

non – violent direct actions.

non – violent direct actions.

Greenpeace message is

Greenpeace message is

“When the last tree is cut

“When the last tree is cut

down and the last fish killed,

down and the last fish killed,

the last river poisoned, then

the last river poisoned, then

you will see that you can’t eat

you will see that you can’t eat

money.”

money.”


Friends of the Earth

Friends of the Earth

(the FOE)

(the FOE)

It is an environmental

It is an environmental

pressure group. This

pressure group. This

organization was

organization was

founded in the UK in

founded in the UK in

1971. The aim of the

1971. The aim of the

group is to protect the

group is to protect the

environment. The main

environment. The main

concerns are air, sea,

concerns are air, sea,

river and land pollution;

river and land pollution;

recycling, etc. “Friends of

recycling, etc. “Friends of

the Earth” has branches

the Earth” has branches

in 30 countries

in 30 countries

.

.


The Royal Society for the

The Royal Society for the

Protection of Birds

Protection of Birds

The RSTB (The Royal

The RSTB (The Royal

Society for the

Society for the

Protection of Birds) is

Protection of Birds) is

a voluntary

a voluntary

organization in

organization in

Britain. It was

Britain. It was

founded in 1889 with

founded in 1889 with

the aim of protecting

the aim of protecting

wild birds. The

wild birds. The

society has over

society has over

200,000 members.

200,000 members.


The Royal Society for the

The Royal Society for the

Prevention of Cruelty to

Prevention of Cruelty to

Animals

Animals
 The RSPCA (The Royal The RSPCA (The Royal Society for the Prevention of Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) is an Cruelty to Animals) is an organization (a charity) in organization (a charity) in Britain . The members of this Britain . The members of this organization protect animals. organization protect animals.

Do you know about national

Do you know about national

parks

parks

in

in

Russia

Russia

?

?

Now there are 23 national

Now there are 23 national

parks and 84 nature

parks and 84 nature

reserves in

reserves in

Russia

Russia

.

.

National parks protect the

National parks protect the

countryside and allow

countryside and allow

people to enjoy plants,

people to enjoy plants,

animals and birds. Nature

animals and birds. Nature

reserves protect plants,

reserves protect plants,

animals and birds. But

animals and birds. But

people are not allowed to

people are not allowed to

visit nature reserves.

visit nature reserves.


Valday

Valday

is a national

is a national

park in

park in

Novgorodskaya

Novgorodskaya

region. It was

region. It was

founded in 1990.

founded in 1990.

Bears, wolves, foxes,

Bears, wolves, foxes,

otters are protected

otters are protected

there. People come

there. People come

there to enjoy the

there to enjoy the

countryside and to

countryside and to

visit two beautiful

visit two beautiful

lakes: Valday and

lakes: Valday and

Seliger.

Seliger.


Losiny Ostrov

Losiny Ostrov

is a

is a

national park

national park

north-east of

north-east of

Moscow. 48 kinds

Moscow. 48 kinds

of animals are

of animals are

protected there:

protected there:

deer, foxes, otters

deer, foxes, otters

and others. There

and others. There

are about 200

are about 200

kinds of birds. It

kinds of birds. It

was founded in

was founded in

1983 for people to

1983 for people to

enjoy the

enjoy the

countryside.

countryside.


Barguzinsky nature reserve

Barguzinsky nature reserve

was the first nature reserve

was the first nature reserve

in Russia. It was founded in

in Russia. It was founded in

1916. In is 2480 square km.

1916. In is 2480 square km.

Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal

is situated there.

is situated there.

The nature reserve was

The nature reserve was

founded to protect sable.

founded to protect sable.


There are many national parks in

There are many national parks in

Britain

Britain

and

and

the USA

the USA

The fist national park

The fist national park

appeared in the USA in 1872.

appeared in the USA in 1872.

It was

It was

Yellowstone.

Yellowstone.

In

In

Britain the first national

Britain the first national

park was founded in 1949.

park was founded in 1949.

Now there are more than a

Now there are more than a

dozen parks in the USA and

dozen parks in the USA and

ten parks in England and

ten parks in England and

Wales. National parks

Wales. National parks

protect the countryside and

protect the countryside and

allow people to enjoy plants,

allow people to enjoy plants,

animals and birds.

animals and birds.


One of the most interesting parks in the

One of the most interesting parks in the

USA is

USA is

the Everglades

the Everglades

in Florida. Its

in Florida. Its

wildlife is enjoyed by many naturalists

wildlife is enjoyed by many naturalists

and tourists. Water birds, snakes,

and tourists. Water birds, snakes,

alligators, wildcats, fish, cypress trees

alligators, wildcats, fish, cypress trees

are protected in the Everglades.

are protected in the Everglades.


The Lake District

The Lake District

is the largest

is the largest

national park in Britain. It is one of the

national park in Britain. It is one of the

most beautiful, attractive and popular

most beautiful, attractive and popular

places in Britain. It has Windermere,

places in Britain. It has Windermere,

the longest lake in England, and

the longest lake in England, and

Scafell, the highest mountain in

Scafell, the highest mountain in

England. A lot of tourists come there to

England. A lot of tourists come there to

go boating, cycle, fish and just to walk.

go boating, cycle, fish and just to walk.


Are you worried about

Are you worried about

nature?

nature?

The Earth is more than the place we call home.

The Earth is more than the place we call home.

The Earth is our environment. It means that the

The Earth is our environment. It means that the

land, air, water and wildlife that surround us

land, air, water and wildlife that surround us

affect the way we live. And the way we live affects

affect the way we live. And the way we live affects

the natural world outside our front door. A lot of

the natural world outside our front door. A lot of

people understand this and see urgent

people understand this and see urgent

environmental problems. 52% think that water

environmental problems. 52% think that water

pollution is a problem. 43% think that when trees

pollution is a problem. 43% think that when trees

are cut down it is a problem. Air pollution is a

are cut down it is a problem. Air pollution is a

problem for 32%.

problem for 32%.


Who is in Charge of the Planet?

Who is in Charge of the Planet?

A lot of people think about the future of the planet.

A lot of people think about the future of the planet.

Some people take care of animals, others take care

Some people take care of animals, others take care

of birds, others are in charge of forests.

of birds, others are in charge of forests.

I think children can help the planet.

I think children can help the planet.

They can recycle. They can plant

They can recycle. They can plant

trees and help animals. If they don’t

trees and help animals. If they don’t

leave litter and don’t damage wildlife

leave litter and don’t damage wildlife

the nature is not spoiled.

the nature is not spoiled.





It is important that children should

It is important that children should

take part in saving Earth.

take part in saving Earth.





We are in charge of the planet

We are in charge of the planet

because we all pollute it and I think

because we all pollute it and I think

that we all should try to help it.

that we all should try to help it.


The Earth Is Our Home

The Earth Is Our Home

How beautiful

is our Planet!


Protect Our Furry Friends

Protect Our Furry Friends

Never buy products made from

endangered animals.

Persuade everyone you know not

to buy real fur.

Volunteer to work at your local

Zoo or animal shelter.




The Baltic, a Sea Of Waste

The Baltic, a Sea Of Waste




Pollution is a serious problem. It effect everyone every day. Where does the Pollution is a serious problem. It effect everyone every day. Where does the pollution come from? Is it only factories, big ships and cars that pollute? No, it pollution come from? Is it only factories, big ships and cars that pollute? No, it is you and me as well. If you drop litter, you pollute. That's how it begins. is you and me as well. If you drop litter, you pollute. That's how it begins. What happens when millions of people do the same thing? What happens when millions of people do the same thing? Most big cities pour their waste into seas and rivers. The first alarm came from Most big cities pour their waste into seas and rivers. The first alarm came from Japan. Some sixty people died as they had eaten polluted fish. Japan. Some sixty people died as they had eaten polluted fish. The Baltic is a special case. Because it is such a small sea it becomes dirty The Baltic is a special case. Because it is such a small sea it becomes dirty very easily. Its water changes slowly. As many as 250 rivers run into the Baltic. very easily. Its water changes slowly. As many as 250 rivers run into the Baltic. There are hundreds of factories on these rivers and millions of people live There are hundreds of factories on these rivers and millions of people live along them. Seven industrial countries surround the Baltic. A lot of big cities along them. Seven industrial countries surround the Baltic. A lot of big cities lie on its coast. All of this combined with the active navigation of the affects lie on its coast. All of this combined with the active navigation of the affects the state of the sea water and the shore line flora and fauna. the state of the sea water and the shore line flora and fauna. It is difficult to clean it now. Fortunately all the countries in the Baltic area It is difficult to clean it now. Fortunately all the countries in the Baltic area have realized the problem. They cooperate in solving ecological problems of have realized the problem. They cooperate in solving ecological problems of the Baltic basin. The aim of the agreements is to prevent pollution of the sea the Baltic basin. The aim of the agreements is to prevent pollution of the sea and to preserve sea life. and to preserve sea life.

Topics For Discussion

Topics For Discussion
 Explain why so much attention is paid to ecological problems Explain why so much attention is paid to ecological problems nowadays and why people are getting alarmed and demand nowadays and why people are getting alarmed and demand urgent actions to protect nature. urgent actions to protect nature.  We often hear the words “harmful effects of civilization on We often hear the words “harmful effects of civilization on nature”. What do they mean? Illustrate the results of nature”. What do they mean? Illustrate the results of harmful and helpful influences of human contacts with harmful and helpful influences of human contacts with nature. nature.  How do scientists, journalists, teachers, public and political How do scientists, journalists, teachers, public and political leaders draw peoples” attention to the problems of leaders draw peoples” attention to the problems of environmental protection? environmental protection?  Explain how and why our attitude towards nature is Explain how and why our attitude towards nature is changing together with the knowledge we are getting. changing together with the knowledge we are getting.  Speak about the practical steps which are being undertaken Speak about the practical steps which are being undertaken environment. environment.  Man”s survival depends upon the way he treats for Man”s survival depends upon the way he treats for protecting our his environment. Say in what way this is true. protecting our his environment. Say in what way this is true.  It is our responsibility to preserve this planet for future It is our responsibility to preserve this planet for future generations. Say what must be done to achieve this. generations. Say what must be done to achieve this.