Методическая разработка упражнений для подготовки учащихся к ЭГЭ по английскому языку( раздел "Лексика и Грамматика")

Автор: Петрова Мария Николаевна
Должность: методист (английский язык)
Учебное заведение: ИМЦ Невского района Санкт-Петербурга
Населённый пункт: Санкт-Петербург
Наименование материала: методическая разработка
Тема: Методическая разработка упражнений для подготовки учащихся к ЭГЭ по английскому языку( раздел "Лексика и Грамматика")
Дата публикации: 07.04.2016







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Текстовая часть публикации


№ 1

Задание:

Этап 1:
Прочитайте инструкцию и выполните задание к приведенному тексту.
Этап 2:
Определите проверяемый навык и тип задания. Прочитайте текст и напишите соответствующую форму каждого слова, данного под номерами
В4-В11
, в отведенное для этого место.
Тhe History of Man
How long has man been on earth? Let us travel 5,000 years into the past. We are in the days before man __________________ to write. LEARN Recorded history __________________ yet. NOT BEGIN Let us go __________________ into the past to 8,000 years ago. We are in a world without cities or towns, houses or roads. FAR Yet there are people, about five million of them, _ _________________ on all five continents. LIVE They have cows and horses and they __________________ the land. FARM To find the __________________ man we must go many hundreds of thousands of years into the past. ONE
B4

B5

B6

B7

B8

B9

B10

The __________________ true human being, Homo sapiens , appeared in Europe more than 50,000 years ago. EARLY We can be proud of the progress the man __________________ since then. MAKE
РМ № 2

Задание:
Прочитайте инструкцию и текст к заданию и определите, чем отличается подход к контролю грамматических навыков, использованный в нем, от подхода в предыдущем задании.
Leaving for London.
Her face was white with worry. She _____ Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден down to the hotel desk to ask about the plane ticket. John _____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден putting his things into a bag. She _____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден up to the room a minute or two later. “There _____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден a plane leaving from Venice to London in an hour,” she _____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден to him. “I _____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден in England by this afternoon.” “I _____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден your bag down immediately then,” he _____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден her. She____Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден at the desk when he ______Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найден down, looking happier. She ______Ошибка: источник перекрёстной ссылки не найденVenice right now. New people were there, talking to the man at the desk. 1) goes 2) was going 3) went 4) has gone 1) has finished 2) is finishing 3) finishes 4) finished 1) telephoned 2) had telephoned 3) was telephoning 4) has telephoned 1) was 2) is 3) had been 4) has been 1) has said 2) says 3) said 4) had said
B11
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами
А13 – А23
. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям
А13 – А23
, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер ответа, который вам кажется наиболее верным. А13 А14 А15 А16 А17
1) am 2) will be 3) has been 4) was 1) will bring 2) has brought 3) have brought 4) bring 1) tells 2) was telling 3) was told 4) told 1) has been 2) is 3) was 4) has been 1) comes 2) had come 3) has come 4) came 1) has left 2) was leaving 3) left 4) had left
РМ № 3

Задание:

Этап 1:
Прочитайте инструкцию и текст задания.
Этап 2:
Определите проверяемый навык и тип задания. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. В заданиях
В17-В23
преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали контексту. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. The National Maritime Museum is set in the ______________surroundings of Greenwich park. BEAUTY Within the complex of the museum there is a wide __________________ of objects, displays and paintings. VARY The collections relate to the shipping, astronomy and __________________. NAVIGATE
B17

B18

B19

B 20
А21 А20 А19 А18 А23 А22
The museum tells the story of figures of great __________________ to Britain’s history, such as Lord Nelson and captain James Cook. IMPORTANT Galleries and exhibitions are often updated to bring back into view __________________ DIFFER parts of the huge hidden collections of the museum which is __________________ all over the country. FAME This visit will be an __________________ experience. FORGET
М № 4

Задание:

Этап 1:
Выполните данное задание в соответствии с инструкцией.
Этап 2:
Определите проверяемый навык и тип задания.
Этап 3
: Проанализируйте, что должен знать учащийся для успешного выполнения данного задания. Прочитайте текст с пропусками выполните задания
А15-А22
, обводя цифру 1, 2,3 или 4, соответствующую ответу, который вы считаете правильным. Mrs. Garstin was a hard, cruel, managing and ambitious woman. Coming to Hong Kong on her marriage, she found it hard to reconcile herself to the fact that her social position was
A15
______ by her husband’s occupation. Of course everyone was very kind, and for two or three months they went out to parties almost every night, but she understood quickly that as the wife of a bacteriologist she was of no particular consequence. “It’s too absurd,” she told her husband. “There’s hardly anyone here that one would bother about for five minutes at home”. “It is rather funny when you think of all the people who used to come to our house at home that here we should be
A16
______ like dirt,” she said, laughing in
A17
______ that what she said might not seem snobbish. She was the daughter of a solicitor in Liverpool, and Bernard Garstin had met her there. He had seemed then a young man of
A18
______ and her father said he would go far, but he hadn’t. He was painstaking, industrious and capable, but he had not the will to advance himself. Mrs Garstin despised him. But she recognized that she could only achieve success through him, and she set herself to drive him on the way she desired to go. She discovered that if she wanted him to do something which his sensitiveness revolved against she had only to give him no peace and eventually, exhausted, he would give
A19
______. Still he made no headway as a leader. But he
A20
______ any disappointment he may have felt, and if he reproached his wife it was in his heart.
B21

B22

B23

His daughters had never looked upon him as anything but a source of income; and now, understanding that through his
A21
______ money was less plentiful, the indifference they had felt for him was tinged with contempt. He was a stranger to them, but because he was their father they ___________ it for granted that he should love and cherish them.
A15
1) decided 2) determined 3) revealed 4) fixed
A16
1) treated 2) dealt 3) taken 4) regarded
A17
1) case 2) fact 3) condition 4) order
A18
1) luck 2) promise 3) hope 4) expectation
A19
1) away 2) over 3) in 4) off
A20
1) held 2) kept 3) experienced 4) concealed
A21
1) guilt 2) fault 3) blame 4) inability
A22
1) got 2) supposed 3) assumed 4) took
ОНР № 1

Жанры

и

типы

текстов
Публицистический Информационный Научно-популярный Художественный  газетные и журнальные статьи  рассказы  письма  брошюры  путеводители  объявления  афиши  рекламы  инструкции  радио- и телепрограммы  статьи  брошюры  рассказы  отрывки из литературных произведений  письма
РМ № 5
Задание: Задания Уровень Количество вопросов Проверенные навыки Тип задания Тип текста
A22

В4-В10 Базовый 7 Использование грамматических форм в соответствии с коммуникативным намерением Заполнение пропусков Связный отрывок В11-В16 Повышенный 6 Употребление средств словообразования Заполнение пропусков Связный отрывок А21-А27 Повышенный 7 Использование лексических единиц в соответствии с коммуникативным намерением и сочетаемостью слов Заполнение пропусков с выбором из 4-х предложенных вариантов Связный отрывок Ознакомьтесь с форматом экзаменационного теста.
РМ № 6

Задание:
Ознакомьтесь с перечнем навыков, выносимых на контроль на итоговой аттестации в разные годы. Проверяемые навыки Лексические 1. использование лексических единиц языка в соответствии с коммуникативным намерением 2. употребление лексических единиц в соответствии с их сочетаемостью 3. употребление синонимов и антонимов 4. владение средствами словообразования Грамматические 1. выбор грамматических форм для адекватной передачи коммуникативного намерения 2. использование разных грамматических средств для выражения одной и той же мысли 3. использование языковых средств для связи между компонентами предложения и между предложениями
РМ № 7

Задание:
Подумайте, какие типы заданий целесообразно использовать для обучения и тестового контроля. Заполните таблицу, проставив галочки в соответствующей колонке. Задание Тестовый контроль Обучение Множественный выбор Установление соответствий Краткий ответ Заполнение пропусков Заполнение таблицы Исправление ошибок (редактирование) Трансформация Словообразование

ОНР № 2

Критерии

,

определяющие

сложность

теста
Задача проверки Сложность задания к тексту Сложность текста Проверяемые знания и навыки  количество вопросов в задании  время, отводимое на выполнение задания  вид задания  форма представления задания  объем текста  сложность языкового материала - длина предложения - тип предложений  функциональный стиль речи - нейтральный - разговорный - публицистический - деловой - научный  тип текста - повествование - рассуждение - диалог  тематика текста  организация материала, изложенного в тексте
РМ № 8

Задание:
Проанализируйте, какая существует зависимость между проверяемым навыком и типом задания. Заполните таблицу, соединив стрелками навыки с подходящими типами заданий.
Проверяемые навыки

Типы заданий
1. Использование разных грамматических средств для выражения одной и той же мысли 2. Использование языковых средств для связи между компонентами предложения 3. Владение видовременными формами глагола и неличными формами глагола 4. Использование языковых средств для связи между компонентами предложения и предложениями в тексте 1. Исправление ошибок 2. Перефразирование 3. Множественный выбор 4. Установление соответствия 5. Заполнение пропусков
РМ № 9


Задание:
Прочитайте фрагменты текстов
а, в
и
с
. Определите степень их соответствия требованиям, предъявляемым к текстам для контроля ЯМ.
a) Fill in the gaps with the appropriate words.
We lost two superstars in 1977. Neither man’s admirers have_______________able to understand the____________of the other one. _______________ this tells us something_____________the difference between the______________that the two singers__________.
b) For questions 1-8 read the story and write down in the box provided below the text which

answer, given in brackets, best fits each space. There is an example (o).
James’s Story James was an ambitious young man. We took (o) … (up, in, out) something new, he always tried to hold the key. When he came (1) …. (in, out, across) a challenge, he never gave (2) …..(up, in, away). Obviously he was a cough man. He disguised himself as a very romantic person, while he was really rather sensible. His girl was gorgeous and she understood him perfectly well at that. Being naughty, she was fed (3) … (out, on up) with ordinary life and dreamt of unusual events. She often spoke about fascinating places all around the world. Although James fell for her, he paid little attention to her chat, revolting round little trifles, which she adored. Then she started to tell him (4)…. (of, off, about).
c) Fill in the gaps in the following text.
There was much conflict in early Vermont. It remained an unbroken wilderness until ______________, when a French officer established Fort ______________ on Isle La Motte. In 1924 Massachusetts _____________ fearing attacks by the French and_______________, built Fort Dummer near the present _________________ of Battleboro. The French forts at _____________ and Crown Point were used as ______________ for attacks.
Навыки использования грамматического материала

РМ № 1

Задание:

Этап 1:
Прочитайте инструкцию и выполните задание.
Этап 2:
Исходя из опыта преподавания, определите, что являлось бы типичными. ошибками при его выполнении учащимися. Назовите причины допускаемых ошибок. Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров
В4-В10
так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы
В4-В10
.
Waking Up

B5
But it was really dangerous ______________ an artist like that! It made him feel bad for hours – simply hours.
WAKE


B6
She came into the room in her working clothes, with a handkerchief over her head, just to show him that she _______________ up much earlier GET
B7
and now she _______________ about the house. WORK
B8
She called in her low warning voice: ‘Jerry!’ ‘What! What’s the matter?’ ‘It’s time to get up. It’s half-past eight.’ And then she left the room, _______________ the door quietly behind her. CLOSE
B9
He supposed that she ________________ very pleased with herself. FEEL
B10
What was the matter with her? What did she want? He earned lots of money. She didn’t have any money, but he never said that to her. His heart was heavy. She seemed to enjoy making life _______________ for him than it was already. She made an artist’s life impossible. She wanted to make him like herself. DIFFICULT
РМ № 2

Задание:
Прочитайте фрагменты текстов
А-G
и определите, с какими сложностями могут столкнуться учащиеся при заполнении пропусков. Назовите причины возможных ошибок. A. I’m afraid he hasn’t been very polite to you, but I really do care about him. And if anything _____________ to me, I want you to promise that he will get the money. HAPPEN B. “You don’t understand,’ said Tom. “I’m in a very painful situation.’ ‘Tell me everything,’ said Henry, ‘and I _________________ my best to help you.’ DO C. You must understand, however, that I take a great interest in him. I know you recently _________________ him. He spoke about it an hour ago. SEE
D. It seemed that the stranger hated boys even _________________ than they hated him. MUCH E. I always thought that you and he ____________ interested in the same things. BE F. He put on his coat and went ___________ his old friend. SEE G. Doctor Lanyon ____________ his after-dinner coffee. «Come in, old friend! » he cried. ENJOY
РМ № 3

Задание:
Просмотрите задания
А-С
и назовите, какие методы систематизации грамматического материала в них представлены. Grammar Presentation When we use the present perfect
A. Past simple or present perfect?
In pairs, discuss why we can say: He has been a photographer. but not He has been a photographer five years ago. What did he do when he was in Berlin? but not What has he done when he was in Berlin? Try and work out a rule. We use the present perfect to…
B.

Different uses of the present perfect
The present perfect can be used in very different ways:

A
She has known him for seven years.
B
She’s been to India.
C
Oh! You’ve had a haircut.
D
I’ve written three letters this morning. Which of the four sentences A, B, C, D describes something:
1
that happened in the past where you can still see the result now?
2
that started in the past but which is still going on now?
3
that has happened over a period not yet finished?
4
that happened in the past but we do not know when?
C. Present perfect simple or continuous?
We use the present perfect simple when an action is finished and we want to talk about the result of the action: Len Deighton has written more than 25 books. We use the present perfect continuous when we are talking about an activity which started in the past and is still going on. We are more interested in the activity than the result. For example: He has been writing for 30 years.
РМ № 4

Controlled Practice

Задание:
Просмотрите задания
А-С
и определите, на каком этапе работы с грамматическим материалом их лучше использовать.
A.
Complete using the words in the box
already before ever for just rarely since so still yet
1 Have you ………………………… dreamt of winning the lottery? 2 I haven’t worked out how to set the timer on the video ………….. 3 My dad’s lived in the same house …………….. he was born. 4 The film’s only been on ………………. a couple of minutes. 5 Bruce has knocked three men out of the competition ………. far. 6 I ………….. get the chance to get any exercise – I’m just too busy.
B.
Circle the correct word or phrase 1 Elizabeth
usually goes / is usually going
to bed at around eleven o’clock. 2 Dan
talks / is talking
on the other phone right now. 3 We
don’t eat / aren’t eating
any meat at the moment as we’re both on a diet. 4
Does air travel get / Is air travel getting
increasingly safe? 5 My mum
calls / is calling
me every weekend without fail. 6 How much
do babysitters generally earn / are babysitters generally earning
?
C.
Match to make sentences 1 I think ………….. A darker hair than her sister. 2 I’m thinking ……. B I’m going to buy the new Racetrack CD. 3 Phil’s looking …… C a haircut at the moment. 4 Phil looks ……….. D for his glasses. Have you seen them? 5 Claire has ……….. E not old enough to drive a car.
6 Claire is having ….. F of getting Dad a CD for his birthday.
РМ № 5

Задание:
Просмотрите задания
А-D
и подумайте, насколько целесообразно их использование.
A.
Rewrite correctly. Change the words or phrases in bold. 1 My dad
is often getting up
late on Saturday mornings. 2
Are you speaking
any other languages apart from English? 3
I already buy
all my Christmas presents and it’s only October! 4 It’s the first time
I’m ever having
a party at home. 5 Actually, I think Darren
does works
quite hard sometimes. 6 Carlo
is never eating
Chinese food before.
B.
Прочитайте текст и решите, который из предложенных 4х вариантов для каждого пропуска соответствует правильному ответу. Выполнив задание, занесите свои ответы в таблицу, как показано в примере. Charly 0 _____ a small boy. He 1 ____ in a great town. There 2 ____ six people in his family, but only Charlie’s father, Mr. Bucket 3 _______ a job. He 4 not _____ enough money 5 _________ food for the whole family. So, they 6 ________hungry from morning till night and Charly 7 _______ it worst of all. But there is one thing which he 8 ______ more than anything else in the world. It is chocolate. 0 a. is b. are c. were d. am 1 a. live b. lives c. is lived d. has lived 2 a. are b. is having c. was d. have been 3 a. have b. is c. was d. has 4 a. don’t have b. doesn’t have c. didn’t have d. haven’t got 5 a. to buy b. buy c. buys d. buying 6 a. was b. be c. are d. is 7 a. feel b. feels c. felt d. was feeling 8 a. wants b. want c. is wanted d.have wanted
C.
1. It’s only her second time in a recording studio.
been
She …………………. in a recording studio once before. 2. We got here three hours ago.
have
We …………………………………… three hours. 3. I started writing this hours ago and it’s still not right.
writing
I …………………………….. hours and it’s still not right. 4. This is my first experience of flying alone.
time
It is the first ………………………………… alone. 5. Sharon’s in the bath at the moment.
a
Sharon …………………………………….. at the moment. 6. Paul enjoys surprises apart from on his birthday.
does
Paul ……………………………………….. surprises, just not on his birthday!
D.
Complete using correct form of the words in the box.
be disagree do include know look see seem understand

The City of Omsk
Everyone (1) …………….. about the stunning sights to see in Moscow and St. Petersburg. The beautiful city of Omsk, one of the oldest cities in western Siberia, (2) …………. not so wellknown.Unfortunately, the 2700 km journey from Moscow just (3) ………….. too far for many travellers to Russia. For those who (4) ……………. travel there, however, there are a number of interesting things to see and do. These (5) ……………… visiting the Tobolskie and Tarskie Gates, which were the first stone buildings in Omsk, the Museum of Local Lore and the modern shops on Lyubinsky Avenue.

РМ № 6

Неличные формы глагола

Задание:
Просмотрите задания
А
и
В
и подумайте, почему задание
А
выполняется одним этапом, а задание
В
– двумя.
A.
Complete using the correct form (-ing form or full infinitive) of the verb in brackets. You may need to use the passive voice. 1. I don’t know how you managed ………………………….. (
persuade
) the bank manager to lend you so much money! 2. Does Jessica dislike …………………………… (
walk
) so much that she’s not going to come with us? 3. Do you deny ……………………………. (
steal
) the money? Yes or no? 4. The kids were pretending …………………….. (
be
) asleep, but they didn’t fool me for a second. 5. I refuse …………………………………. (
accept
) that there’s no alternative. 6. No one understands how Jill can afford ………………… (
go
) on so many holidays each year.
B. Этап 1
: Read the text and decide whether each gap should be filled with the – ing form, a bare infinitive or a full infinitive. Write -ing, BI or FI for each gap.
1

………………….

2

………………….

3

………………….

4

………………….

5

………………….

6

………………….

Этап 2
: Complete using the correct form (- ing form, bare infinitive or full infinitive) of the verb in the box. Use each verb only once.
achieve be behave come do hope improve learn listen

make play sit down take tell try use work


Report: William Watson William Watson sometimes seems to be afraid of (1) …………………….. hard. He can’t help (2) …………………………..to avoid (3) ……………………….. anything that involves (4) ……………………… his brain, particularly on Friday afternoons. He seems to detest (5) …………………….. life seriously, and pretends he isn’t capable of (6) ……………… anything of worth.
РМ № 7

Степени сравнения прилагательных

Задание:
Просмотрите задания
A-D
и проставьте в боксиках номера, соответствующие правильной последовательности выполнения этих заданий.
A.

Complete using the superlative forms of the words in capitals. 1. Don’t you think this would be the ……………………. (
lovely
) spot for a picnic? 2. But that’s the …………………………. (
crazy
) idea I’ve ever heard! 3. I asked the assistant to show me the ………………… (
modern
) phone they had. 4. I told the manager that it was the ……………………… (
bad
) hotel I had ever stayed in. 5. Who do you think is the ……………………….. (
littl
e) talented actor to win an Oscar?
B.
Complete using the comparative forms of the words in capitals. 1. If you work ……………….. (
quickl
y), you’ll finish sooner and then you can go home earlier. 2. Ben says he’s feeling much ………………….. (
well
) after his illness. 3. I have even ………………………. (
little
) free time this year than I did last year. 4. The news was much ……………………….. (
bad
) that anyone had feared. 5. You’ll need to be able to run ………………… (
far
) than this if you’re going to do the marathon.
C.
Complete each second sentence using the word given, so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write between two and five words in each gap. 1. I have never read a better book than this one.
ever
This is the …………………………… read. 2. Nobody has ever been this far into the jungle.
the
This is …………………………………….. has ever been into the jungle. 3. I have never worked so hard in my whole life.
ever
It was the ………………………………..in my whole life. 4. Liam is the tallest boy in the class.
than
Every other boy in the class ………………………………. Liam.
D.
Circle the correct word.
Film review
Crime Does Pay, the
(1) later / latest
comedy from director Sam Martin, has to be one of the
(2) little /

least
interesting films I have ever seen. The acting is terrible and the story is much
(3) worse / worst
than Martin’s other flop, Escape. Crime Does Pay was apparently
(4) more / most
expensive than any other film this year, but it’s hard to see where the money went. The plot concerns a gang of burglars who decide to steal the
(5) more / most
valuable painting in the world.
РМ № 8

Задания, проверяющие навыки употребления разных грамматических явлений

Задание:
Просмотрите текст задания и предваряющие его вопросы. Насколько ответ на вопросы упрощает выполнение задания?
Этап 1
Quickly read the text and answer these questions
1. In which country is cricket sometimes called the national sport? 2. How many people are there in a cricket team? 3. Which other sport is a little like cricket? 4. What are Lord’s and Old Trafford?
Этап 2
Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски в предложениях под номерами
В4-В9
соответствующими формами слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами справа от каждого предложения.
Cricket

B4
One of the most popular sports in England is cricket. It is sometimes called the national sport and many adults and ____________________________
CHILD
play it in their spare time or at school.
B5
It ______________________ by two teams of eleven and has some similarities
PLAY
to baseball.
B6
To put it simply, the aim is to score runs and the side __________________
SCORE
most runs wins.
B7
The game is quite old, and the __________________ references to it date
EARLY
from the 1500s.
B8
Spectators __________________ cricket matches for hundreds of years
WATCH
in many parts of England.
B9
The list of famous cricket grounds _________________ Lord’s, in London,
INCLUDE
and Old Trafford in Manchester.
РМ № 9

Задание:
Просмотрите текст и два предваряющие его задания. Способствует ли задание успешному выполнению теста?
A.
Quickly read the text. Decide if these statements are True (T) or False (F). 1. Charlie’s mum believes him when he says there are aliens outside.
T / F
2. She says that she wants to see his homework.
T / F
3. Charlie’s father thinks Charlie is lying about the aliens.
T / F
4. Charlie and his father go outside and see aliens in the garden.
T / F

B
. Complete the table
present

simple

present

progressive

past

simple

past

progressive

present

perfect

simple

past perfect

simple

present

participle

fly
am/is/are flying was/were ________ has/have _________ flying
hear

begin

C. Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски в предложениях под номерами
В4-В11
соответствующими формами слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами справа от каждого предложения.
Visitors from outer space
B4 Charlie ran downstairs and burst into the living room. ‘Aliens!’ he shouted.
FLY
‘Aliens ___________ over our back garden, right now!’ B5 His mother laughed. She ________________ anything so silly.
NEVER HEAR
‘Really, Charlie,’ she said. ‘You know there are no aliens. Now, have you finished your homework? I want to see it.’ B6 ‘It’s true!’ Charlie cried. ‘There are aliens outside, ____________
LOOK
for a place to land their spaceship!’ Charlie’s father looked up from his newspaper. B7 ‘Now, Charlie. What’s all this? I _____________ you so many times before
TELL
not to tell lies. There are no aliens and they certainly don’t fly down Acacia Avenue.’ B8 ‘Okay,’ __________ Charlie. ‘Come and look. If there’s nothing there,
SAY
I promise I’ll just do my homework.’ B9 Charlie’s father sighed and put his newspaper down. ‘Okay, Charlie. I’ll come
WE
outside with you and see if there are any aliens in __________ garden.’ B10 They went into the garden, but there was nothing there. ‘But…but…
BEGIN
they were…’Charlie ____________ to say. His father took his arm and led him back inside.
РМ № 10

Задание:
Просмотрите задания
А
и
В
и подумайте, как они нацеливают учащихся на выполнение последующего теста.
A.
Read the text. For each gap in the text B4-B11, decide if these statements are True (T) or False (F). 1. (B4) We need the passive voice. T / F 2. (B5) We need the past progressive to express a fact about the past. T / F 3. (B6) We need the simple past because this is an action in the past. T / F 4. (B7) We need a comparative form using –er. T / F 5. (B8) This is the future in the past, so we need to use would. T / F
B.
Choose the correct word or phrase to complete each sentence. Use the words in bold to help you. 1.
Since
the start of the 20 th century, cars ___________ very popular.
A.
became
B.
have become
C.
were becoming 2. Cars now are much ______________
than
they used to be.
A
. quick
B.
quicker
C.
quickest 3. In 1900, Mr. Daimler
said
that in the
future
everyone ______________ a car.
A.
drove
B.
will drive
C.
would drive
Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски в предложениях под номерами В4-В11 соответствующими формами слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами справа от каждого предложения.
The Automobile
B4 Cars are a common sight on roads today, but that wasn’t always true.
INVENT
Back in the days before the car ____________, the only personal means of transport were the horse and the bicycle. B5 The first cars ______________ their power from steam and gas, and had
GET
a maximum speed of around nine miles an hour. B6 In Britain, there was a law ____________ cars from going over two
STOP
miles an hour in towns. B7 At the end of the 19 th century, cars started to use petrol and
FAST
became much ______________ than they had been. B8 Very few people at that time said that cars ___________ the world
CHANGE
in the future.
РМ № 11

Навык использования средств словообразования

Задание:
Проанализируйте тестовый вопрос В21 в тексте «The National Maritime Museum» из РМ № 3. Какова, по вашему мнению, типичная ошибка, допускаемая в этом вопросе?
РМ № 12

Задание:
Подумайте, какая ошибка чаще всего допускается в следующем вопросе. Каковы причины ее возникновения? The fine collection of French Impressionist art and special exhibitions of worldwide interest also contribute to the museum’s high _________________. POPULAR
РМ №13

Задание:
Что, по Вашему мнению, может представлять трудность при выполнении следующего тестового вопроса? After dinner that evening the lawyer went into his office and _________________ a cupboard. He took out an envelope. LOCKED
РМ № 14


Задание:
Подумайте, в равной ли степени способствуют выполнению последующего теста задания
А
и
В
.
A.
Quickly read the text and answer these questions. 1. Where is Chessington World of Adventures? ____________________ 2. What animals can you see there? ______________________________ 3. Which area will very young visitors enjoy? ______________________ 4. Which ride sounds like the most frightening? ____________________
B
. Complete the table. Remember to include negative forms where appropriate.
verb

noun

adjective
+ adventure _____________ _____________ attract __________ _____________ _____________ enjoy ___________ _____________ _____________ Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров в
В12-В15
так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы
В12-В15
.
B12
Chessington World of Adventures is an ____________ theme park, just
EXCITE
12 miles from London.
B13
There’s something for everyone at the park. Animal ___________ will
LOVE
enjoy the ‘Trail of Kings’, where you can see gorillas, tigers and lions.
B14
One of the most popular ________________ is the ‘Land of the Dragons’,
ATTRACT
a fast, fun roller coaster. Very young children will love ‘Toytown’, where you can go for an
ENJOY

B15 _
______________ flight on the back of a Flying Jumbo, or drive one of the Crazy Cars.
РМ № 15

Задание:
Развитию каких навыков, необходимых для правильного выполнения теста, способствуют задания
А
и
В
.
A.
Read the text with questions B12-B13. Look at the words on the right which you have to change and decide what part of speech is needed to fill each gap. 1. (B12) positive adjective / negative adjective / positive adverb / negative adverb 2. (B13) positive adjective / negative adjective / positive adverb / negative adverb
B.
Complete the table. noun verb positive adjective negative adjective positive adverb negative adverb __________ solve __________ _________ + + origin __________ __________ __________ __________ _________
РМ № 16


Задание:
Подумайте, чем усложняется следующее задание по сравнению с заданием в РМ № 15. Read the text with questions B12-B18. For each gap, decide what kind of word (noun, adjective, etc) fills each gap. B12 _______________________ B13 _______________________ B14_______________________ B15 _______________________ B16 _______________________ B17 _______________________ B18 ______________________
РМ № 17

Технология выполнения задания-заполнения пропусков грамматической формой,

образованной от опорных слов
1. Прочитайте заголовок и весь текст, чтобы понять его общее содержание, т.к. это поможет правильно употребить пропущенные формы. 2. Прочитайте текст по предложениям, стараясь вписать в пропуски подходящее слово. При этом нужно определить, какая именно требуется грамматическая форма от опорного слова в соответствии со смыслом текста. Заполните сначала пропуски, где Вы уверены в ответе. 3. Заполните оставшиеся пропуски. Если Вы не уверены, все равно впишите слова, которые кажутся Вам наиболее приемлемыми. Перечитайте текст со вставленными словами и убедитесь, что они соответствуют тексту грамматически и правильно написаны
Навык употребления лексических единиц

в соответствии с сочетаемостью слов

Задание:
Предложите, какие ошибки допускались учащимися в следующих тестовых вопросах, и каковы причины их возникновения. А) When the amount of energy we spend is greater than the amount we build, there is a lowering of the energy supply in our bodies. This produces a state that we need to understand and ________________. 1) omit 2) reject 3) neglect 4) avoid B) … We become diseased! It means that you should be ___________ of how you spend your precious energy. 1) aware 2) acquainted 3) familiar 4) accustomed C) Many of the habits of daily living that we _____________________ for granted drain far more energy that we realize. 1) get 2) receive 3) have 4) take D) If you run _________________ of energy, you feel lethargic and you may get sick. Hence, try not to spend energy excessively. 1) back 2) out 3) through 4) behind

РМ № 18

Задание:
Назовите, какие методические принципы использованы для повторения лексики в следующих заданиях.
Travel and transport
Topic vocabulary in contrast  voyage / journey / trip / travel / excursion  view / sight  world / earth  area / territory  season / period  border / edge / line
A
. Choose the correct answer. 1. You need a passport to cross the _________ between Mexico and the United States. a. edge b. line c. border d. rim 2. The brochure says that the hotel has a great ____________ of the sea. a. appearance b. look c. sight d. view
B
. Circle the correct word. I get the train to work every day and the
fare / free
is quite expensive. Captain Cook discovered Australia on a
voyage / travel
to the Pacific. Most tourist attractions in London charge an admission
fee / ticket
. The sunset over Niagara Falls really is a magnificent
look / sight.

РМ № 19

Задание:
Какой навык, необходимый для правильного употребления ЛЕ требуется в следующем задании? Phrases and collocations  accident: have an accident; be (involved) in an accident; do smth by accident  advance: in advance; advance to/towards a place  route: plan your/a route; take a route  speed: at (high/full/etc) speed; a burst of speed; speed limit Write one word in each gap. 1. The speed ………………. in towns is 30 km/h and you shouldn’t go faster than that. 2. Why don’t we ……………….. the scenic route along the coast? 3. If you buy your plane ticket ………………. advance, it’s often cheaper than if you wait.
РМ № 20

Задание:
Какие методические принципы использованы для повторения фразовых глаголов в заданиях
А-С
?
Phrasal verbs


catch up with
– reach the same point/level as 
check in
– register at a hotel or in airport 
check out
– leave a hotel; investigate 
drop off
– let someone get out of a vehicle
A
. Complete using the correct form of the words in the box.
catch check get go make pick pull see
1. Every Saturday night my dad ……………………. us up outside the cinema. 2. I think the neighbours have …………… away for the weekend. 3. John’s up ahead so Greg is pedaling fast to …………………. up with him. 4. We’re going on holiday tomorrow, but we’ll call you when we ………… back.
B.
Write a phrasal verb in the correct form to replace the words in italics. Add any other words you need. 1. We can start our journey …………………….. towards the mountains at dawn. 2. Dad fetched the luggage while Mum registered …………………… at the hotel. 3. I asked the taxi driver to let me get out …………………… outside the train station.
C.
Complete each second sentence using the word given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Write between two and five words in each gap. 1. I don’t know how you can stand getting up so early to go to the pool.
put
I don’t know how you can ………………………………… up so early to go to the pool. 2. I’ve finally started sorting out my postcard collection.
round
I’ve finally ……………………………………………… sorting out my postcard collection.
РМ № 21

Задание:
Просмотрите следующие задания и определите степень их эффективности в подготовке к написанию текста.
A.
Read these sentences from the text and choose the correct answer. Look at the text again and the options given in the task if necessary. 1. Ashley Gray unlocked the door to the garage, swung it open and A21___________ the lights on. a. the garage is dark and Ashley makes it light. b. the garage is light and Ashley makes it dark. 2. It had been expensive and he was A22_____________ of the fact that he had earned the money to buy it himself without any help from his parents. a. he feels good about buying it with his own money. b. he feels bad about buying it with his own money. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами
А21-А28
. эти номера соответствуют заданиям
А21-А28
, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Ashley Gray unlocked the door to the garage, swung it open and
A21
___________ the lights on. A drum kit sat in the middle of the garage. Next to it there was a keyboard on a stand and to the side were three speakers. Ashley’s group, Cat’s Eye, had been using the garage to practice for a few months now. Ashley
opened his guitar case and took his guitar out. It had been expensive and he was
A22
__________ of the fact that he had earned the money to buy it himself without any help from his parents.
B
. 1) Write a word from the box in each gap to complete the sentences.
burgled mugged robbed stolen
1. I hope you weren’t in the bank when it was being _______________________. 2. Oh no! I think my wallet’s been _____________________________________! 3. Our neighbours house was _________________ again last night. 4. Alan was _________________ in the street last night; he was hurt but his attackers ran off before they could steal anything. 2) Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами
А21-А28
. эти номера соответствуют заданиям
А21-А28
, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Tonya didn’t know whether to laugh or cry. She certainly knew she’d never been in a situation like this before, and hoped she never would again. She also knew that the worst
A21
_________ would be to panic. She had to stay calm. She sat on a bench to think things through. ‘I’m in a foreign country,’ she said to herself. ‘All my money, my mobile phone and my passport were in my bag. My bag’s been
A22
____________. Or maybe I just left it somewhere – I don’t know. Should I go to the police or the embassy?’
C
. 1) Read the text with gaps A21-A28 and answer the questions. 1. How was Jackson going to
A21
______________ rid of Simon? Jackson wants Simon to: a. leave b. stay 2. ‘Could you put me
A22
______________, Jackson?’ Simon is asking Jackson for: a. financial help b. somewhere to stay 2) Circle the correct word to complete the patterns. 1. charge someone
with / for
a crime 2. condemn someone
with / for
(doing) something 3. blame someone
with / for
(doing) something 3) Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами
А21-А28
. эти номера соответствуют заданиям
А21-А28
, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
How was Jackson going to
A21
______________________ rid of Simon? That was the question that had kept him awake for the previous three nights, and which he pondered as he now walked home from work. It had all started so innocently, as a favour to a friend. ‘Could you put me
A22
__________________________ , Jackson?’ Simon had asked. ‘Just for a couple of nights.’ …………….. – but the truth was he was scared. Not scared of how Simon would react physically, but scared that Simon would take offence, and would
A26
_______________ him of being selfish and not caring about a friend who was in trouble. And Simon was in trouble.
A21
1) have 2) get 3) take 4) set
A22
1) in 2) out 3) over 4) up
A26
1) charge 2) condemn 3) blame 4) accuse
РМ № 22

Технология выполнения задания – заполнения пропусков (словообразование)
Данная технология совпадает с последовательностью этапов выполнения задания – заполнения пропусков грамматическими формами. Однако, выполняя пункт 2 этой технологии, нужно определить, какая часть речи необходима для заполнения пропуска, какой суффикс добавляется к корню опорного слова для образования нужной части речи, и какая приставка или суффикс придают образованному слову необходимое по смыслу значение.
Технология выполнения задания – выбора ответов из 4-х предоставленных вариантов

ответов
Данная технология отличается от технологии выполнения задания – заполнения пропусков грамматическими формами тем, что читая текст по предложениям, учащийся должен выбрать вариант ответа, соответствующий пропуску в тексте. Для этого нужно мысленно подставить каждый вариант ответа в пропуск и выбрать слово, подходящее по смыслу текста и предложения и сочетающееся со словами, стоящими до и после пропуска.