"Соединенные Штаты Америки"

Автор: Неумоина Юлия Николаевна
Должность: учитель английского языка
Учебное заведение: ГБОУ СОШ №127
Населённый пункт: Санкт- Петербург
Наименование материала: презентация
Тема: "Соединенные Штаты Америки"
Дата публикации: 07.06.2016







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The United States of America
The
United States of America
s a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty- eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to the east and Russia to the west, across the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also possesses several territories in the Pacific and Caribbean.
Alabama Alaska American Samoa Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Guam Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Northern Marianas Islands Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Virgin Islands Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming The states of USA

George Washington
was the first President of the United States of America, serving from 1789 to 1797, and dominant military and political leader of the United States from 1775 to 1799. He led the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army from 1775 to 1783, and presided over the writing of the Constitution in 1787. Washington became the first president by unanimous choice, and oversaw the creation of a strong, well-financed national government that maintained neutrality in the wars raging in Europe, suppressed rebellion and won acceptance among Americans of all types.
George Washington
April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797

Washington

Washington, D.C.
, formally the
District of

Columbia
and commonly referred to as
Washington
, "
the District
", or simply
D.C.
, is the capital of the United States. On July 16, 1790, the United States Congress approved the creation of a federal district to become the national capital as permitted by the U.S. Constitution. The District is therefore not a part of any U.S. state. It was formed from land along the Potomac River donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia; however, the Virginia portion was returned by Congress in 1846.

President of the USA

Barack Hussein Obama II
is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Obama previously served as a United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned following his victory in the 2008 presidential election. Secretary of the USA
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton
is the 67th United States Secretary of State, serving in the administration of President Barack Obama. She was a United States Senator for New York from 2001 to 2009. As the wife of the 42nd President of the United States, Bill Clinton, she was the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
The
White House
is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C., the house was designed by Irish-born James Hoban, [1] and built between 1792 and 1800 of white-painted Aquia sandstone in the Neoclassical style. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams. When Thomas Jefferson moved into the house in 1801, he (with architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe) expanded the building outward, creating two colonnades that were meant to conceal stables and storage.
The White House


Flag of the USA
Coat of the USA

United States Dollar

 1790 — 3,9 mln  1860 — 31,4 mln  1900 — 76,2 mln  1971 — 216,8 mln  1983 — 234,2 mln  2000 — 275,6 mln  2005 — 295,7 mln  2007 — 303,3 mln  2008 — 305,1 mln  2009 — 308,0 mln  2010 — 309,2 mln  2011 — 313,2 mln
Population

American public education is operated by state and local governments, regulated by the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants. Children are required in most states to attend school from the age of six or seven (generally, kindergarten or first grade) until they turn eighteen (generally bringing them through twelfth grade, the end of high school); some states allow students to leave school at sixteen or seventeen. About 12% of children are enrolled in parochial or non sectarian private schools. Just over 2% of children are homeschooled. The United States has many competitive private and public institutions of higher education. According to prominent international rankings, 13 or 15 American colleges and universities are ranked among the top 20 in the world . There are also local community colleges with generally more open admission policies, shorter academic programs, and lower tuition. Of Americans twenty-five and older, 84.6% graduated from high school, 52% attended some college, 27% earned a bachelor's degree, and 9.6% earned graduate degrees . The basic literacy rate is approximately 99%. The United Nations assigns the United States an Education Index of 0.97, tying it for 12th in the world.
Education


Health
The United States life expectancy of 78.4 years at birth ranks it 50th among 221 nations. Increasing obesity in the United States and health improvements elsewhere have contributed to lowering the country's rank in life expectancy from 1987, when it was 11th in the world. Approximately one-third of the adult population is obese and an additional third is overweight; the obesity rate, the highest in the industrialized world, has more than doubled in the last quarter- century. Obesity-related type 2 diabetes is considered epidemic by health care professionals . The infant mortality rate of 6.06 per thousand places the United States 176th out of 222 countries, higher than all of Western Europe. The U.S. health care system far outspends any other nation's, measured in both per capita spending and percentage of GDP. The World Health Organization ranked the U.S. health care system in 2000 as first in responsiveness, but 37th in overall performance. Health care coverage in the United States is a combination of public and private efforts, and is not universal as in all other developed countries. In 2004, private insurance paid for 36% of personal health expenditures, private out-of-pocket payments covered 15%, and federal, state, and local governments paid for 44%. In 2005, 46.6 million Americans, 15% of the population, were uninsured, 5.4 million more than in 2001. The main cause of this rise is the drop in the number of Americans with employer-sponsored health insurance. The subject of uninsured and underinsured Americans is a major political issue.

Popular media
The world's first commercial motion picture exhibition was given in New York City in 1894, using Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope. The next year saw the first commercial screening of a projected film, also in New York, and the United States was in the forefront of sound film's development in the following decades. Since the early 20th century, the U.S. film industry has largely been based in and around Hollywood, California. Director D. W. Griffith was central to the development of film grammar and Orson Welles's Citizen Kane is frequently cited as the greatest film of all time. The major film studios of Hollywood have produced the most commercially successful movies in history, such as Star Wars and Titanic , and the products of Hollywood today dominate the global film industry. Americans are the heaviest television viewers in the world , and the average viewing time continues to rise, reaching five hours a day in 2006. The four major broadcast networks are all commercial entities. Americans listen to radio programming, also largely commercialized, on average just over two-and-a-half hours a day .
Mainstream American cuisine is similar to that in other Western countries. Wheat is the primary cereal grain. Traditional American cuisine uses indigenous ingredients, such as turkey, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup, which were consumed by Native Americans and early European settlers. Slow-cooked pork and beef barbecue, crab cakes, potato chips, and chocolate chip cookies are distinctively American foods. Soul food, developed by African slaves, is popular around the South and among many African Americans elsewhere. Syncretic cuisines such as Louisiana creole, Cajun, and Tex- Mexare regionally important. Characteristic dishes such as apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs derive from the recipes of various immigrants. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed . Americans generally prefer coffee to tea. Marketing by U.S. industries is largely responsible for making orange juice and milk ubiquitous breakfast beverages. The American fast food industry, the world's largest, pioneered the drive-through format in the 1930s. Fast food consumption has sparked health concerns. During the 1980s and 1990s, Americans' caloric intake rose 24%; frequent dining at fast food outlets is associated with what public health officials call the American "obesity epidemic“ . Highly sweetened soft drinks are widely popular, and sugared beverages account for 9% of American caloric intake. Food
Sports Baseball has been regarded as the national sport since the late 19th century, while American football is now by several measures the most popular spectator sport . Basketball and ice hockey are the country's next two leading professional team sports. College football and basketball attract large audiences. Boxing and horse racing were once the most watched individual sports, but they have been eclipsed by golf and auto racing, particularly NASCAR. Soccer is played widely at the youth and amateur levels. Tennis and many outdoor sports are popular as well. While most major U.S. sports have evolved out of European practices, volleyball, skateboarding, snowboarding, and cheerleading are American inventions. Basketball was invented in Massachusetts by Canadian-born James Naismith. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact. Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States. The United States has won 2,301 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, more than any other country, and 253 in the Winter Olympic Games, the second most.
The United States is officially a secular nation; the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids the establishment of any religious governance. In a 2002 study, 59% of Americans said that religion played a "very important role in their lives", a far higher figure than that of any other wealthy nation. According to a 2007 survey, 78% of adults identified themselves as Christian, down from 86.4% in 1990. [206] Protestant denominations accounted for 51%, while Roman Catholicism, was the largest individual denomination. The study categorizes white evangelicals, as the country's largest religious cohort; another study estimates evangelicals of all races The total reporting non- Christian religions in 2007 was 4%, up from 3.3% in 1990. The leading non-Christian faiths were Judaism Buddhism Islam , Hinduism , and Unitarian Universalism . The survey also reported that 16% of Americans described themselves as agnostic, atheist, or simply having no religion, up from 8% in 1990. Religion

Visitor attractions in the United States
Statue of Liberty in New-York Mount Rushmore
Love Park Empire State Building
Getty Museum Golden Gate Bridge
Disneyland Yosemite National Park
Washington Monument Lincoln Memorial
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum Museum of Science and Industry
National Air and Space Museum Georgia Guidestones
Sun Watch Indian Village National Gallery of Art
Carnegie Hall National Museum of the American Indian
Metropolitan Museum of Art Liberty Bell
1)How many states have the USA? а)40 b)50 c)35
Test

2)Who was the first president of the USA? а) Franklin Delano Roosevelt b) Benjamin Franklin c) George Washington
3)Who is the president of the USA now? a) Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton b) John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy c) Barack Hussein Obama II
4)Which is the capital of the USA? a) New-York b) Washington c) Las Vegas
5)Population of the USA? a) 313,2 млн чел. b) 3,9 млн чел. c) 76,2 млн чел.
What is it? a) Statue of Liberty b)National Gallery c) National Park
What is it? a) Washington Monument b) Lincoln Memorial c) Golden Gate Bridge

8)What is it?

a)
Statue of Liberty
b)
Liberty Bell
c)
Golden Gate Bridge

9)What is it?

a)
Space Museum
b)
National Air and Space Museum
c)
National Museum of the American Indian

10)What is it?

a)
Mount Rushmore
b)
Sun Watch Indian Village
c)
Museum of Science and Industry