The United States of America
The United States of America s a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and
a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-
eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between
the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south.
The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to the east and Russia to
the west, across the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific.
The country also possesses several territories in the Pacific and Caribbean.
District of Columbia
Northern Marianas Islands
George Washington was the first
President of the United States of
America, serving from 1789 to 1797,
and dominant military and political
leader of the United States from 1775 to 1799.
He led the American victory over Great Britain
in the American Revolutionary
War as commander-in-chief of the Continental
Army from 1775 to 1783, and presided over the writing of the
Constitution in 1787. Washington became the
first president by unanimous choice, and oversaw the
creation of a strong, well-financed national government that
maintained neutrality in the wars raging in Europe,
suppressed rebellion and won acceptance among
Americans of all types.
April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797
Washington, D.C. , formally the District of
Columbia and commonly referred to
as Washington , " the District ", or simply D.C. ,
is the capital of the United States. On July 16,
1790, the United States Congress approved the
creation of a federal district to become the
national capital as permitted by the U.S.
Constitution. The District is therefore not a part
of any U.S. state. It was formed from land
along the Potomac River donated by the states
of Maryland and Virginia; however, the
Virginia portion was returned by Congress in
President of the USA
Barack Hussein Obama II is
the 44th and current President of the
United States. He is the first African
American to hold the office. Obama
previously served as a United States
Senator from Illinois, from January 2005
until he resigned following his victory in
the 2008 presidential election.
Secretary of the USA
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is
the 67th United States Secretary of State,
serving in the administration of
President Barack Obama. She was
a United States Senator for New York from
2001 to 2009. As the wife of
the 42nd President of the United
States, Bill Clinton, she was the First Lady
of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President
of the United States. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.,
the house was designed by Irish-born James Hoban,
and built between 1792 and
1800 of white-painted Aquia sandstone in the Neoclassical style. It has been the
residence of every U.S. president since John Adams. When Thomas Jefferson moved
into the house in 1801, he (with architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe) expanded the
building outward, creating two colonnades that were meant to conceal stables and
The White House
Flag of the USA
Coat of the USA
United States Dollar
1790 — 3,9 mln
1860 — 31,4 mln
1900 — 76,2 mln
1971 — 216,8 mln
1983 — 234,2 mln
2000 — 275,6 mln
2005 — 295,7 mln
2007 — 303,3 mln
2008 — 305,1 mln
2009 — 308,0 mln
2010 — 309,2 mln
2011 — 313,2 mln
American public education is operated by state and local governments, regulated by
the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants.
Children are required in most states to attend school from the age of six or seven
(generally, kindergarten or first grade) until they turn eighteen (generally bringing
them through twelfth grade, the end of high school); some states allow students to
leave school at sixteen or seventeen. About 12% of children are enrolled
in parochial or non sectarian private schools. Just over 2% of children
The United States has many competitive private and public institutions of higher
education. According to prominent international rankings, 13 or 15 American colleges
and universities are ranked among the top 20 in the world . There are also
local community colleges with generally more open admission policies, shorter
academic programs, and lower tuition. Of Americans twenty-five and older, 84.6%
graduated from high school, 52% attended some college, 27% earned a bachelor's
degree, and 9.6% earned graduate degrees . The basic literacy rate is approximately
99%. The United Nations assigns the United States an Education Index of 0.97, tying it
for 12th in the world.
The United States life expectancy of 78.4 years at birth ranks it 50th among 221
nations. Increasing obesity in the United States and health improvements
elsewhere have contributed to lowering the country's rank in life expectancy from
1987, when it was 11th in the world. Approximately one-third of the adult
population is obese and an additional third is overweight; the obesity rate, the
highest in the industrialized world, has more than doubled in the last quarter-
century. Obesity-related type 2 diabetes is considered epidemic by health care
professionals . The infant mortality rate of 6.06 per thousand places the United
States 176th out of 222 countries, higher than all of Western Europe.
The U.S. health care system far outspends any other nation's, measured in both
per capita spending and percentage of GDP. The World Health
Organization ranked the U.S. health care system in 2000 as first in
responsiveness, but 37th in overall performance.
Health care coverage in the United States is a combination of public and private
efforts, and is not universal as in all other developed countries. In 2004, private
insurance paid for 36% of personal health expenditures, private out-of-pocket
payments covered 15%, and federal, state, and local governments paid for
44%. In 2005, 46.6 million Americans, 15% of the population, were uninsured,
5.4 million more than in 2001. The main cause of this rise is the drop in the
number of Americans with employer-sponsored health insurance. The subject of
uninsured and underinsured Americans is a major political issue.
The world's first commercial motion picture
exhibition was given in New York City in 1894,
using Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope. The next year
saw the first commercial screening of a projected
film, also in New York, and the United States was in
the forefront of sound film's development in the
following decades. Since the early 20th century, the
U.S. film industry has largely been based in and
around Hollywood, California. Director D. W.
Griffith was central to the development of film
grammar and Orson Welles's Citizen Kane is
frequently cited as the greatest film of all time.
The major film studios of Hollywood have produced
the most commercially successful movies in history,
such as Star Wars and Titanic , and the products of
Hollywood today dominate the global film industry.
Americans are the heaviest television viewers in the
world , and the average viewing time continues to
rise, reaching five hours a day in 2006. The four
major broadcast networks are all commercial
entities. Americans listen to radio programming,
also largely commercialized, on average just over
two-and-a-half hours a day .
Mainstream American cuisine is similar to that in other Western countries. Wheat is the
primary cereal grain. Traditional American cuisine uses indigenous ingredients, such as
turkey, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup, which were
consumed by Native Americans and early European settlers. Slow-cooked pork and beef
barbecue, crab cakes, potato chips, and chocolate chip cookies are distinctively American
foods. Soul food, developed by African slaves, is popular around the South and among many
African Americans elsewhere. Syncretic cuisines such as Louisiana creole, Cajun, and Tex-
Mexare regionally important.
Characteristic dishes such as apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs
derive from the recipes of various immigrants. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos
and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed .
Americans generally prefer coffee to tea. Marketing by U.S. industries is largely responsible
for making orange juice and milk ubiquitous breakfast beverages.
The American fast food industry, the world's largest, pioneered the drive-through format in
the 1930s. Fast food consumption has sparked health concerns. During the 1980s and 1990s,
Americans' caloric intake rose 24%; frequent dining at fast food outlets is associated with
what public health officials call the American "obesity epidemic“ . Highly sweetened soft
drinks are widely popular, and sugared beverages account for 9% of American caloric intake.
Baseball has been regarded as the national sport since the
late 19th century, while American football is now by several
measures the most popular spectator sport .
Basketball and ice hockey are the country's next two leading
professional team sports. College
football and basketball attract large audiences. Boxing and
horse racing were once the most watched individual
sports, but they have been eclipsed by golf and auto racing,
particularly NASCAR. Soccer is played widely at the youth
and amateur levels. Tennis and many outdoor sports are
popular as well.
While most major U.S. sports have evolved out of European
practices, volleyball, skateboarding, snowboarding,
and cheerleading are American inventions. Basketball was
invented in Massachusetts by Canadian-born James
Naismith. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American
and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact.
Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United
States. The United States has won 2,301 medals at
the Summer Olympic Games, more than any other
country, and 253 in the Winter Olympic Games, the second
The United States is officially a secular nation; the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution
guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids the establishment of any religious
governance. In a 2002 study, 59% of Americans said that religion played a "very important role
in their lives", a far higher figure than that of any other wealthy nation. According to a 2007
survey, 78% of adults identified themselves as Christian, down from 86.4% in 1990.
Protestant denominations accounted for 51%, while Roman Catholicism, was the largest
individual denomination. The study categorizes white evangelicals, as the country's largest
religious cohort; another study estimates evangelicals of all races The total reporting non-
Christian religions in 2007 was 4%, up from 3.3% in 1990. The leading non-Christian faiths
were Judaism Buddhism Islam , Hinduism , and Unitarian Universalism . The survey also
reported that 16% of Americans described themselves as agnostic, atheist, or simply having no
religion, up from 8% in 1990.
Visitor attractions in the United States
Statue of Liberty in New-York
Empire State Building
Golden Gate Bridge
Yosemite National Park
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
Museum of Science and Industry
National Air and Space Museum
Sun Watch Indian Village
National Gallery of Art
National Museum of the American Indian
Metropolitan Museum of Art
1)How many states have the USA?
2)Who was the first president of the USA?
а) Franklin Delano Roosevelt
b) Benjamin Franklin
c) George Washington
3)Who is the president of the USA now?
a) Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton
b) John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy
c) Barack Hussein Obama II
4)Which is the capital of the USA?
c) Las Vegas
5)Population of the USA?
a) 313,2 млн чел.
b) 3,9 млн чел.
c) 76,2 млн чел.
What is it?
Statue of Liberty
c) National Park
What is it?
c) Golden Gate Bridge
8)What is it?
a) Statue of Liberty
b) Liberty Bell
c) Golden Gate Bridge
9)What is it?
a) Space Museum
b) National Air and Space Museum
c) National Museum of the American Indian
10)What is it?
a) Mount Rushmore
b) Sun Watch Indian Village
c) Museum of Science and Industry